Alcohol is a depressant that includes liquor, beer and wine. When an individual consumes alcohol, it goes down the throat and is absorbed by the stomach. Then, the alcohol enters the bloodstream where it goes to all the tissues in the body, including the brain. The actual effects of alcohol will vary by the person’s weight, size, age, and even gender. The effects of alcohol are also dependant on how much is consumed and if the person has recently eaten any food. The more alcohol that is drank, and the less food in the stomach, will provide greater effects on the body.
Typical side effects of drinking alcohol include a disinhibiting effect, which is why many people drink at social events. Alcohol also causes talkativeness and dizziness, disturbed sleep, nausea, vomiting, slurred speech, impaired judgment, and lack of coordination. Sometimes, people drinking alcohol will exhibit increased acts of aggressiveness that can lead to violence and abuse. Of course, the there is the dreaded hangover the day after large amounts of alcohol has been consumed, which usually consists of headache, dizziness, nausea, fatigue, and thirst.
When people drink a lot of alcohol often, and for a long period of time, it can lead to addiction, or alcoholism. If an alcoholic suddenly stops drinking after a long time of alcohol consumption, they will most likely experience withdrawal symptoms. Withrawal is characterized by tremors, severe anxiety, convulsions, and hallucinations.
Long-term alcohol abuse can lead to many health problems, especially liver damage and brain damage. Pregnant women who drink put their child at great risk of having fetal alcohol syndrome, which includes mental illnesses and physical abnormalities that can not be reversed. Research shows that a child of an alcoholic parent has a high risk of becoming an alcoholic too.